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NOHRSC Bibliography

2002

Cline, D., Carroll, T., Li, L., Fall, G. and Nilsson, A. (2002)
Demonstration of the NOHRSC Operational Snow Mass/Energy Balance Model for the Continental U.S.
Presented at the Second Federal Interagency Hydrologic Modeling Conference;
Las Vegas, Nevada; 2002 July 28-August 1.
Romanov, P., Tarpley, D., and Carroll, T. (2002)
Snow fraction monitoring over North America.
Presented at the NOAA/OGP Mississippi River Climate and Hydrology Conference;
New Orleans, Louisiana; 2002 May 13-17.
Bitner, D., Carroll, T., and Cline, D. (2002)
An assessment of the difference between three satellite snow cover mapping techniques.
Presented at the 70th Annual Western Snow Conference;
Granby, Colorado; 2002 May 20-23.

2001

Carroll, T., Cline, D., Fall, G., Nilsson, A., Li, L., and Rost, A. (2001)
NOHRSC operations and the simulation of snow cover properties for the coterminous U.S.
Presented at the 69th Annual Western Snow Conference;
Sun Valley, Idaho; 2001 April 16-19.

2000

Romanov, P., Tarpley, D., Csiszar, I., and Carroll, T. (2000)
Snow fraction for North America retrieved using automated snow mapping system.
Presented at the American Geophysical Union;
San Francisco, California; 2000 December 15-19.
Carroll, T.R. (2000)
Enhanced snow cover mapping with GOES R series data.
Presented at the GOES R Series User Workshop, COMET;
Boulder, Colorado; 2000 September 19-22.
Carroll, T.R. (2000)
Airborne and satellite snow data collected, processed, and distributed by the NOHRSC.
Presented at the Forth Annual Great Divide Workshop, Great Falls WFO;
Great Falls, Montana; 2000 September 12-14.
Carroll, T.R., Cline, D.W., and Li, L. (2000)
Applications of remotely sensed data at the National Operational Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center.
Presented at the IAHS, Remote Sensing and Hydrology 2000;
Santa Fe, New Mexico; 2000 April 2-7.
Carroll, T.R., Cline, D.W., and Rost, A.A. (2000)
Processes and products of the National Operational Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center.
Presented at the IAHS, Remote Sensing and Hydrology 2000;
Santa Fe, New Mexico; 2000 April 2-7.
Cline, D.W., and Carroll, T.R. (2000)
Applications, products, and services of the National Operational Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center.
Presented at the annual GCIP principal investigator's workshop;
Greenbelt, Maryland; 2000 March 27-28

1999

Carroll, S.S., Carroll, T.R., and Poston, R.W. (1999)
Spatial modeling and prediction of snow water equivalent using ground-based, airborne, and satellite snow data.
Journal of Geophysical Research, 104 (D16), 19,623-19,629.

1998

Cline, D.W. and Carroll, T.R. 1998b.
Inference of the presence or absence of snow cover obscured to visible/near-infrared remote sensing.
Presented at the Fourth International Workshop on Applications of Remote Sensing in Hydrology;
Santa Fe, New Mexico; 1998 November 4-6.
Cline, D.W. and Carroll, T.R. 1998a.
Operational automated production of daily, high-resolution, cloud-free snow cover maps of the continental U.S.
Presented at the GCIP Mississippi River Climate Conference;
St. Louis, Missouri; 1998 June 8-12.
Carroll, S.S., Carroll, T.R., and Poston, R.W. 1998b.
Spatial modeling and prediction of snow water equivalent using ground-based, airborne, and satellite snow data.
Presented at the GCIP Mississippi River Climate Conference;
St. Louis, Missouri; 1998 June 8-12.
Carroll, S.S., Carroll, T.R., and Poston, R.W. 1998a.
Spatial modeling and prediction of snow water equivalent using ground-based, airborne, and satellite snow data.
Journal of Geophysical Research; (in prep).
Fread, D.L., Lewis, J.M., Carroll, T.R., Rost, A.A., and Ingram, J.J. 1998.
Improving real-time hydrologic services in the USA -- Part 2: Inundation mapping using dynamic streamflow modeling.
Proceedings of the British Hydrological Society, International Symposium on Hydrology in a Changing Environment;
Exeter, England; 1998 July 6-10.
Matthews, D., Hartzell, C., Super, A., Carroll, T., and Schaake, J. 1998.
Integration of quantitative precipitation forecasts with hydrologic models and river basin decision support systems.
Presented at the First Federal Interagency Hydrologic Modeling Conference;
Las Vegas, Nevada; 1998 April 19-23.

1997

Carroll, S.S. and Carroll, T.R. 1997.
Spatial modeling and estimation of snow water equivalent in the Upper Mississippi River basin using ground-based, airborne, and satellite snow data.
Presented at the GEWEX/GCIP science panel meeting;
Boulder, Colorado; 1997 November 4-6.
Carroll, T.R. 1997d.
Remote sensing of snow water equivalent and the 1997 snow-melt flood of the Red River of the North.
Presented at the 30th Annual Water Resources Conference, American Society of Civil Engineers;
Minneapolis, Minnesota; 1997 October 27.
Carroll, T.R. 1997c.
Operational remote sensing of snow cover in the coterminous United States.
Presented at the National Science Foundation Symposium on Climate Variability, Climate Change, and Water Resource Management;
Colorado Springs, Colorado; 1997 October 26-29.
Carroll, T.R. 1997b.
Integrated ground-based, airborne, and satellite snow cover observations in the National Weather Service.
Presented at the Tri-Service CADD/GIS/FM Symposium '97 and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and NOAA Surveying, Mapping, and Remote Sensing Conference;
St. Louis, Missouri; 1997 August 18-22.
Carroll, T.R. 1997a.
Integrated observations and processing of snow cover data in the NWS hydrology program.
Proceedings of the 77th AMS Annual Meeting; Symposium on Integrated Observing Systems,
Long Beach, California, 180-183.
Cline, D. 1997a.
Snow surface energy exchanges and snowmelt at a continental, midlatitude Alpine site.
Water Resources Research, 33(4), 689-701.
Cline, D. 1997b.
Effects of seasonality of snow accumulation and melt on snow surface energy exchanges at a continental alpine site.
Journal of Applied Meteorology,36(1), 32-51.
Cline, D. 1997c.
Scale effects in a distributed SWE and snowmelt model for mountain basins.
Proceedings of the 65th Annual Meeting of the Western Snow Conference,
Banff, Alberta, Canada, in press. [Also submitted to Hydrological Processes]
Josberger, E.G., Mognard, N.M., Lind, B., Matthews, R., Carroll, T.R. 1997.
Snowpack parameters in the Red River basin from satellite and aircraft remote sensing measurements.
submitted to Annals of Glaciology.
Peck, E.L., Carroll, T.R., Maxson, R.W., Goodison, B.G., and Metcalfe, J.E. 1997.
Variability of soil moisture near flux towers in the BOREAS southern study area.
Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 102, No. D24, p. 29,379-29,388.

1996

Anderson, D.A. 1996.
GIS and snow monitoring at the National Weather Service
GIS World,May, 40-43.
Carroll, S.S. 1996a.
Improving the accuracy of covariance estimates used in spatial modeling and estimation of snow water equivalent.
Presented at the 64th Annual Western Snow Conference,
Bend, Oregon.
Carroll, S.S. 1996b.
Estimating the uncertainty in spatial estimates of areal snow water equivalent.
Nordic Hydrology 27(5), 295-312.
Carroll, S.S. and Cressie, N. 1996a.
A comparison of geostatistical methodologies used to estimate snow water equivalent.
Water Resources Bulletin. 32 (2), 267-278.
Carroll, S.S. and Cressie, N. 1996b.
Spatial modeling of snow water equivalent using covariances estimated from spatial and geomorphic attributes.
Journal of Hydrology. (in press)
El Haddi, A.A., Shekhar, S., Hills, R.A., and McManamon, A. 1996.
Mirror-image round robin spatial data partitioning: a case study with parallel SEUS.
Presented at the Third International Conference/Workshop on Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling,
Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Hartman, R.K., Rost, A.A., and Anderson, D.M. 1996a.
Spatial distribution of snow water equivalent observation in mountainous terrain.
Presented at the Third International Conference/Workshop on Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling,
Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Hartman, R.K., Rost, A.A., and Anderson, D.M. 1996b.
Operational processing of multi-source snow data.
Presented at the Third International Conference/Workshop on Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling,
Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Hills, R.A., McManamon, A., and Hartman, R.K. 1996.
Snow estimation and updating system (SEUS).
Presented at the Third International Conference/Workshop on Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling,
Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Maxson, R.W., Allen, M.W., and Szeliga, T.L. 1996.
Image classification by comparison of angles created between multi-channel vectors and an empirically selected reference vector.
1996 North American Airborne and Satellite Snow Data CD-ROM,
Chanhassen, Minnesota: National Weather Service.
Also, posted on NOHRSC WWW site: http://www.nohrsc.noaa.gov/html/papers/theta/theta.html
Maxson, R.W., Carroll, T.R., and A.A. El Haddi 1996.
Airborne measurements of snow water equivalent and soil moisture.
Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition,
San Francisco, California,
Ann Arbor: Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, p. 492.
Peck, E.L., Carroll, T.R., Evans, D.S. 1996.
Observations of anomalously high gamma radiation in the atmosphere over Saskatchewan, Canada.
submitted to Geophysical Research Letters.

1995

Carroll, S.S. 1995.
Modeling measurement errors when estimating snow water equivalent.
Journal of Hydrology. 172, 247-260.
Carroll, S.S., Day, G.N., Cressie, N., and Carroll, T.R. 1995.
Spatial modeling of snow water equivalent using airborne and ground-based snow data.
Environmetrics. 6, 127-139.
Carroll, T.R. 1995a.
GIS used to derive operational hydrologic products from in situ and remotely sensed snow data.
Geographical Information Systems in Assessing Natural Hazards (eds. A. Carrara and F. Guzzetti) pp. 335-342. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Carroll, T.R. 1995b.
Operational remote sensing of snow: United States.
Presented at the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, XXI General Assembly,
Boulder, Colorado.
Carroll, T.R. 1995c.
Mapping snow water equivalent and snow cover in North America.
Proceedings of the Canadian Geophysical Union and International GEWEX Workshop on Cold-Season/Region Hydrometerology,
Banff, Alberta, Canada, 173-176.
Hartman, R.K., Rost, A.A., and Anderson, D.M. 1995.
Operational processing of multi-source snow data.
Proceedings of the 63rd Annual Western Snow Conference,
Sparks, Nevada, 147-151.
Josberger, E.G., Carroll, T.R., Gloersen, P., Chang, A.T.C., and Rango, A. 1995.
Satellite passive microwave snowpack observations compared to fine-scale model estimates of snow water equivalent.
Week 1 Abstract Volume, International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, XXI General Assembly,
Boulder, Colorado, p. A211.
McManamon, A., Hartman, R.K., and Hills, R.A. 1995.
Implementation of the Snow Estimation and Updating System (SEUS) in the Clearwater River basin, Idaho.
Proceedings of the 63rd Annual Western Snow Conference,
Sparks, Nevada, 56-65.

1994

Carroll, S.S. and Carroll, T.R. 1994.
Estimating the mean squared prediction error of the areal snow water equivalent estimate for a river basin.
Proceedings of the 62th Western Snow Conference,
Santa Fe, New Mexico, 98-103.
McManamon, A., Hartman, R.K., and Hills, R.H. 1994.
Snow estimation and updating system (SEUS).
Proceedings of the 62th Western Snow Conference,
Santa Fe, New Mexico, 155-158.

1993

Carroll, S.S. and Carroll, T.R. 1993.
Increasing the precision of snow water equivalent estimates obtained from spatial modeling of airborne and ground-based snow data.
Proceedings of the 50th Eastern Snow Conference,
Quebec City, Quebec, 83-88.
Carroll, T.R. 1993.
The Great Flood of 1993 and the National Weather Service.
Presented at the Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union,
San Francisco, California.
McManamon, A., T.L. Szeliga, R.K. Hartman, G.N. Day, and T.R. Carroll, 1993.
Gridded snow water equivalent estimation using ground-based and airborne snow data.
Proceedings of the 50th Eastern Snow Conference,
Quebec City, Quebec, 75-82.
Carroll, S.S., Day, G.N., and Carroll, T.R. 1993.
Incorporating airborne data into the spatial model used to estimate snow water equivalent.
Proceedings of the American Water Resources Association Symposium on Geographic Information Systems and Water Resources,
Mobile, Alabama, 259-264.
Carroll, T.R. 1993.
Airborne and satellite snow cover mapping for the coterminous U.S., Alaska, and Canada.
Presented at the 10th annual Pacific Climate Workshop,
Asilomar, California.

1992

Carroll, T.R. 1992a.
Remote sensing of snow cover in the United States and Canada using airborne and satellite technology.
Proceedings of the Flood Forecasting Symposium/Workshop, United States/People's Republic of China;
Shanghai, People's Republic of China, Vol. 1, pp 35-45.
Peck, E.L., Carroll, T.R., and Lipinski, D.M. 1992.
Airborne soil moisture measurements for First International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Program Field Experiment.
Journal of Geophysical Research, 97 (D17), 961-967.

1991

Carroll, T.R. and Giese, K.L. 1991a.
Real-time images of airborne snow water equivalent data and satellite areal extent of snow cover data for the U.S. and southern Canada.
Proceedings of the 48th Eastern Snow Conference,
Guelph, Ontario, 315-316.

1990

Carroll, S.S. and Carroll, T.R. 1990.
Simulation of airborne snow water equivalent measurement errors in extreme environments.
Nordic Hydrology. 21, 35-46.
Carroll, T.R. 1990a.
Operational airborne and satellite snow cover products generated and distributed by the National Remote Sensing Hydrology Center.
Proceedings of the 47th Eastern Snow Conference,
Bangor, Maine, 87-98.
Carroll, T.R. 1990b.
Airborne and satellite data used to map snow cover operationally in the U.S. and Canada.
Proceedings of the International Symposium on Remote Sensing and Water Resources;
Enschede, The Netherlands, 147-155.
Carroll, T.R. and E.W. Holroyd. 1990.
Operational remote sensing of snow cover in the U.S. and Canada.
Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Hydraulics Division,
San Diego, CA. , 286-291.
Holroyd, E.W. and Carroll, T.R. 1990b.
Further refinements in the remote sensing of snow-covered areas.
Proceedings of the 58th Western Snow Conference,
Sacramento, CA, 79-86.
Peck, E.L., Carroll, T.R., and Lipinski, D.M. 1990.
Airborne gamma radiation soil moisture measurements over short flight lines.
Presented at the American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting,
Anaheim, CA.

1989

Carroll, T.R. and Yates, G.R. 1989.
Satellite, airborne, and ground-based snow cover data used to estimate basin-wide, mean areal snow water equivalent on a pixel-by-pixel basis.
Presented at the American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting,
San Francisco, CA.
Carroll, T.R. 1989.
Cost-benefit analysis of airborne gamma radiation snow water equivalent ata used in snowmelt flood forecasting.
Proceedings of the 57th Western Snow Conference,
Fort Collins, CO, 138-140.
Carroll, S.S. and Carroll, T.R. 1989a.
Effect of uneven snow cover on airborne snow water equivalent estimates obtained by measuring terrestrial gamma radiation.
Water Resources Research. 25 (7), 1505-1510.
Carroll, S.S. and Carroll, T.R. 1989b.
Effect of forest biomass on airborne snow water equivalent estimates obtained by measuring terrestrial gamma radiation.
Remote Sensing of Environment. 27 (3), 313-319.
Carroll, T.R. 1989a.
Operational mapping of snow cover in the United States and Canada using airborne and satellite data.
Presented at the Spring Meeting, American Geophysical Union,
Baltimore, Maryland.(abstract)
Carroll, T.R. 1989b.
Airborne video, airborne gamma, and satellite AVHRR data to assess snow cover conditions.
Presented at the 1989 Fall Convention of the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,
Cleveland, Ohio.
Carroll, T.R., Baglio, J.V., Verdin, J.P. and Holroyd, E.W.,III 1989.
Operational mapping of snow cover in the United States and Canada using airborne and satellite data.
Proceedings of the 1989 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium and the 12th Canadian Symposium on Remote Sensing,
Vancouver, British Columbia., 1257-1259.
Carroll, T.R., Barnicle, R.G., Szeliga, T.L., Allen, M.W., and Lipinski, D.M. 1989.
Airborne and satellite data used to map snow water equivalent and areal extent of snow cover operationally in the United States and Canada.
Proceedings of Image Processing - 1989; The American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,
Reno, Nevada.
Holroyd, E.W. and Carroll, T.R. 1989.
Refinements in the remote sensing of snow-covered areas.
Presented at the Annual American Geophysical Union Meeting,
San Francisco, CA.
Holroyd, E.W.,III, Verdin, J.P., and Carroll, T.R. 1989.
Mapping snow cover with satellite imagery: comparison of results from three sensor systems.
Proceedings of the 57th Western Snow Conference,
Fort Collins, CO, 59-68.

1988

Carroll, T.R., Peck, E.L., and Lipinski D.M. 1988.
Airborne time-series measurement of soil moisture using terrestrial gamma radiation.
Proceedings of the Annual Convention, American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,
St. Louis, MO.
Carroll, T.R. and Gauthier, R.L. 1988.
Operational airborne snow water equivalent and soil moisture measurements used in water supply and snowmelt flood forecasting.
Presented at the Twenty-Fourth Annual American Water Resources Association Conference,
Milwaukee, WI.
Glynn, J.E., Carroll, T.R., Holman, P.B., and Grasty, R.L. 1988.
An airborne gamma ray snow survey of a forest covered area with deep snowpack.
Remote Sensing of Environment. 26 (2) 149-160.

1987 and Earlier

Carroll, T.R. 1987.
Operational remote sensing of snow water equivalent and soil moisture in the United States using natural terrestrial gamma radiation.
Journal of International Association of Hydrological Sciences.
Proceeding of the Vancouver Symposium. IAHS Publ. no. 166. p. 213-223.
Carroll, T.R. 1986.
Cost-benefit analysis of airborne gamma radiation snow water equivalent data used in snowmelt flood forecasting.
Proceedings of the 54th Annual Western Snow Conference,
Phoenix, AZ. pp. 1-11. *** BEST PAPER ***
Carroll, T.R. 1985a.
Snow surveying in McGraw-Hill 1985 Yearbook of Science and Technology. p. 386-388.
Carroll, T.R. and Marshall, R.D. 1985.
Cost-benefit analysis of airborne gamma radiation snow water equivalent measurements made before the February 1985 Fort Wayne flood.
Presented at the Sixth Conference on Hydrometeorology, sponsored by the American Meteorological Society,
Indianapolis, IN.
Carroll, T.R., Vogel, R.M., Gauthier, R.L. 1985.
Operational airborne snow water equivalent and soil moisture measurements used in water supply and snowmelt flood forecasting.
Presented at the Remote Sensing Applications for Water Resources, Fifth Remote Sensing Symposium sponsored by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,
Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Vogel, R.M., Carroll, T.R. and Carroll, S.S. 1985.
Simulation of airborne snow water equivalent measurement errors made over a forest environment.
Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers Symposium,
Denver, CO, pp. 9.
Carroll, T.R. and Vose, G.D. 1984.
Airborne snow water equivalent measurements over a forested environment using terrestrial gamma radiation.
Proceedings of the 41st Annual Eastern Snow Conference,
New Carrollton, MD, pp. 19.
Carroll, T.R., Glynn, J.E., and Goodison, B.E. 1983.
A comparison of U.S. and Canadian airborne gamma radiation snow water equivalent measurements.
Proceedings of the 51st Western Snow Conference,
Vancouver, WA. p. 27-37.
Carroll, T.R. and Schaake, J.C. 1983.
Airborne snow water equivalent and soil moisture measurements using natural terrestrial gamma radiation.
Proceedings of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Vol. 414, p. 208-213.
Gauthier, R.L., Carroll, T.R., and Glynn, J.E. 1983.
Airborne gamma radiation data used to assess snow water equivalent over the Lake Superior basin.
Presented at the Seventeenth International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment,
Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. *** HONORABLE MENTION - William A. Fischer Memorial Award ***
Carroll, T.R. 1982.
Airborne gamma radiation snow measurements used in NWS snowmelt flood forecasting.
Invited paper presented at the 1982 American Geophysical Union Meeting,
San Francisco, CA.
Carroll, T.R. and Jones, W.K. 1982.
Error assessment of airborne snow water equivalent measurements.
Proceedings of the 50th Western Snow Conference,
Reno, NV, p. 202-203.
Carroll, T.R. 1981a.
Airborne soil moisture measurement using natural terrestrial gamma radiation.
Soil Science. 132 (5) 358-366.
Carroll, T.R. 1981b.
Airborne measurement of surficial soil moisture using natural terrestrial gamma radiation attenuation.
Proceedings of the International Geosciences and Remote Sensing Symposium
sponsored by IEEE Geosciences and Remote Sensing Society, pp. 6.
Carroll, T.R. and Larson, L.W. 1981.
Application of airborne gamma radiation snow survey measurements and snow cover modeling in river and flood forecasting.
Proceedings of the 49th Western Snow Conference,
St. George, UT, p. 23-33.
Carroll, T.R. and Vadnais, K.G. 1980.
Operational airborne measurements of snow water equivalent using natural terrestrial gamma radiation.
Proceedings of the 48th Western Snow Conference,
Laramie, WY, p. 97-106.
Carroll, T.R. 1979.
Natural gamma radiation detection to measure soil moisture.
Invited paper presented at 1979 American Geophysical Union Meeting,
Washington, D.C.
Carroll, T.R. and Vadnais, K.G. 1979.
Airborne snow survey using natural terrestrial gamma radiation.
Casebook on Applied Advanced Data Collection, Aerospace Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, pp. 10.


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